The 2002-2003 San Joaquin County Civil Grand Jury (Grand Jury) received a complaint dated April 2, 2003, from a resident who lived across the street from a dairy. It was determined that there was insufficient time remaining in their tenure for a full and complete investigation. The complaint was referred to the 2003-2004 Civil Grand Jury for investigation.


The April 2, 2003 complaint alleged the San Joaquin County Environmental Health Department (Environmental Health) refused to enforce codes, laws and ordinances on fly control. Allegations were also made that Environmental Health refused to enforce codes and ordinances for waste management, noise, odor control and lighting. During the 18 years the complainants lived at their residence, no allegations were made about noise, odor or flies until the dairy opened in 2000. After careful review of the complaint, the newly impaneled Grand Jury voted to commence an investigation of Environmental Health for evidence of the reported allegations.

On October 23, 2000, the complainants attended a planning community meeting regarding the building of a dairy across the street from their residence. The complainants asked to have the placement of the dairy set back further from the property line. A decision was made by the planning community to approve the dairy's request as originally planned. County records validated that the dairy property is zoned for agricultural use.

Environmental Health made an inspection of the dairy in 2003 and discovered fly larva. The owners of the dairy denied access to their property for a follow-up inspection. The owners of the dairy obtained legal representation and threatened to file civil litigation for harassment.


The Grand Jury:


The Grand Jury Found:


The Grand Jury recommends that:

  1. Environmental Health Department require dairies to submit a Vector Control Plan for review and acceptance. The Vector Control Plan and contracted service invoices should be made available upon request to Environmental Health Inspectors.
  2. Environmental Health amend the Complaint Abatement Policy to reflect that multiple complaints be reported to the Supervisor and Director of Environmental Health, when received, for their review and investigation.
  3. Environmental Health require dairies to submit a written five year solid waste plan for review and acceptance.


Pursuant to Section §933.05 of the Penal Code:

The San Joaquin County Environmental Health Department shall report to the Presiding Judge of the San Joaquin Superior Court, in writing and within 90 days of publication of this report, with a response as follows:

As to each finding in the report a response indicating one of the following:

  1. The respondent agrees with the finding.
  2. The respondent disagrees with the finding, with an explanation of the reasons therefore.

As to each recommendation, a response indicating one of the following:

  1. The recommendation has been implemented, with a summary of the action taken.
  2. The recommendation has not yet been implemented, but will be with a time frame for implementation.
  3. The recommendation requires further analysis, with an explanation of the scope of the analysis and a time frame not to exceed (6) six months.
  4. The recommendation will not be implemented, with an explanation therefore.